The first GOST for mass graves in Russia will begin to operate from February 2021
A research institute subordinate to the Ministry of Emergencies has developed a national standard that defines the requirements for mass burials of people and animals in wartime and in case of emergencies. The standard, the text of which was published by the ministry, was developed for the first time and will enter into force on February 1, 2022. The document, in particular, defines the requirements for the burial area, the location of the walls of mourning and the distance between the coffins.
According to GOST, the choice of the burial site should "ensure an indefinitely long life of the burial site" and be selected taking into account the rules for building the settlement, the features of the relief and the maximum permissible loads on the environment. The area of the site should not exceed 40 hectares. Burials are not allowed, in particular, in the first and second zones of the sanitary protection zone of the water supply source and on the banks of water bodies used for bathing and domestic needs.
According to GOST, the distance between the bodies of the deceased must be at least 0.5 m vertically and horizontally. The gaps between burials should be filled with a layer of earth and a layer of brushwood. Regional executive authorities should, in peacetime, create stocks of coffins, pathological bags, personal protective equipment and other means for urgent burials. Burial of the dead from especially dangerous infections should be carried out in galvanized, hermetically sealed coffins.